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MacAlert - December 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Macadamia nut borer (MNB). Monitor for MNB and release MacTrix effectively. • Spotting bugs. Keep monitoring for spotting bug, using late season techniques like drop sheets. • Young tree pests. If you have younger they can be severely affected by pests in summer. • Nutritional demand is increasing as trees need to support developing nuts. • Tree water requirements are generally at their peak and will remain high through to harvest. • With heavy rain expected, large organic matter applications need careful thought. • Storm season is here again and you need to be prepared to minimise impact and deal with any damage. • Have you got all your preparations for the Christmas/New Year period in place? • Benchmarking data collection is underway for the 2021 season. • AusMac2022 is just around the corner, register now.

MacAlert - November 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Nut shed is a normal part of the crop cycle. • Continue to monitor for pests such as: o Macadamia nut borer eggs, which signal the start of flights into orchards. o Spotting bug damage at least weekly and preferably twice weekly in warmer regions. o Macadamia seed weevil infestation in shed nuts. • Nutritional demand is increasing as trees need to support both new flush and developing nuts. • Monitor soil conditions and, if your orchard is irrigated, avoid stress-induced nut drop by keeping trees well-irrigated. • Orchards don’t need to look like golf courses. There are many benefits to letting grass and other ground cover grow. • The potential for damage from hail, wind, excessive rain or flooding caused by intense storms is increasing. • Benchmarking data collection is starting now for the 2021 season. • Register for MacGroups which are to be held in November and the beginning of December. • AusMac2022 is just around the corner.

MacAlert - October 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: Continue to monitor for pest and diseases. Husk spot, If your orchard has a history of husk spot and/or has susceptible cultivars you will need to be ready to apply fungicide as nutlets reach match-head size Macadamia seed weevil (MSW), The female seed weevils lays its eggs between the husk and developing nut. Spotting bug, Early in the season look for damage on nutlets as they reach pea size. Nutritional demand. If you are unsure of how trees are progressing nutritionally, spring is a good time to sample leaves after flowering and before they flush. Organic matter should be on the orchard floor and orchard prunings moved back under trees as soon as possible Water demand. Water requirements will marked increase in October and remain high until March. Mechanical, Keep sprayer and spray tractor maintenance as breakdowns during this period can be costly.

MacAlert - September 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Continue to monitor at least twice per week for pest and diseases that affect flowers. • Lace bug, flower caterpillar and flower diseases such as Botrytis and Cladosporium are more prevalent in some regions. Monitor weather conditions and known hotspots within the orchard. • Discuss control options with your pest consultant or grower liaison officer to select strategies and application timings that will have minimal impact on beneficials such as bees. • Communicate with your beekeeper on stocking rates and hive positions to develop a plan that provides flexibility for you both, and crucially, keeps bees safe. • Tree water demand is increasing with the warmer weather • Discuss tree nutritional demand and spring soil and leaf sampling with your consultant • After mulching remaining nuts to reduce the risk of rats and kernel grubs, consider reduced mowing strategies to allow grass and other inter-row species to flower.

MacAlert - August 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Start monitoring for pest and diseases that impact flowers, paying particular attention to out-of-season flower problems that can build up and a wet August forecast. • Active environmental and visual monitoring for pests such as lace bug and flower caterpillar and diseases such as flower blight start. • As the weather warms tree nutrition and water requirements increase, particularly once flowers emerge. • At the end of harvest, review the season including: o Machinery/equipment performance and required upgrades o Processor consignment reports o Crop loss assessments and yield monitoring o Orchard health assessment • Prepare for the start of new crop protection season. • Now is the time to think about seeding a cover crop. • Pollination is round the corner and managed hives need to be arranged.

Macadamia Plant Protection Guide 2021 - 2022, NSW DPI Management Guide

2021 | Bright J | Manual/guide

This 7th edition of the NSW Macadamia plant protection guide aims to provide commercial macadamia growers with up-to-date information on all aspects of protecting your orchard from pests and diseases.

MacAlert - July 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Monitoring is essential for any pest and disease management and your consultant should be making regular visits by now. • Organic inputs for the application post-harvest – read the MacAlert for some great info on double ground woodchip. • Water conserving strategies for irrigated and dryland farms • With the crop protection season ahead, do you have a strategy to assess the effectiveness of your spray coverage? • Post-harvest is an incredibly busy time – do you have your orchard operations prioritised and a Plan B for inevitable weather adjustments and breakdowns? Read all the info, tips and resources in this month’s MacAlert now

MacAlert - March 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Prolonged wet weather and Phytophthora management plans • Pest management to prevent losses – macadamia nut borer, late season spotting bug, kernel grub and rat damage • Nutrition and irrigation management tips • Sampling nuts to assess potential crop loss percentages and reasons. Read all the info, tips and resources in this month’s MacAlert now.

MacAlert - May 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Orchard surveys following the wet season –the questions to ask to help you understand the likelihood or extent of Phytophthora in your orchard • Ordering compost/organic matter - how to know what you are purchasing • Planning now for canopy and orchard floor management following harvest • Processor consignment reports and the importance of block by block analysis. Read all the info, tips and resources in this month’s MacAlert now.

MacAlert - June 2021

2021 | Australian Macadamia Society | Manual/guide

Key messages this month include: • Pest and disease monitoring is a priority to guarantee next year’s crop – what to keep a close eye on if you have a closed canopy • Last minute changes to nutrition programs • Preparing for crop protection activities and a reminder to check your certification and licensing requirements • Preparing for the next three months. Read all the info, tips and resources in this month’s MacAlert now.

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