#ausmacadamias

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Successful bee management tips for during flowering pest management

2017 | Anon | Fact Sheet

Flowering is an incredibly important period of the crop cycle in macadamia production. Growers are faced with managing both beneficial insects and pest insects. Beneficial insects play a role in pollination and are a major asset for industry stakeholders (beekeepers). Flower pest insects, such as lace bug or flower caterpillar, can cause extreme yield losses (from 50-90% losses). These factors combine to create a challenging situation for macadamia growers to manage. The desired outcome is to limit the damage caused by pest insects while avoiding any losses of beneficial insects. The AMS has worked with the NSW Beekeepers Association to develop some practical guidelines for macadamia growers to utilise during flowering.

Pollination of macadamia

2017 | Howlett B, Read S, Cutting B, Pattemore D, Cross S, Goodwin M | Presentation

Pollination can affect yields and nut quality • Determine the key pollinating species and their efficiency. • Floral biology • Suggestions to improve macadamia pollination

Use of molecular markers in macadamia: managing pllination in orchards

2003 | Vithanage V, O'Connor K, Peace C, Meyers N, Forrester R, McConchie C | Research report/article

While confirming the earlier studies of the advantages of cross pollination, the recent study reveals that there are factors other than pollen compatibility alone that will determine an increased yield. Flowering patterns and the bee behaviour are currently under investigation as they may play a prominent role in ensuring effective pollen flow.

Blossoms, pollination and the activities of bees

2002 | van Niekerk K | Research report/article

The mechanics of pollination and the role of honey bees and other insects in the pollination of macadamias.

Maximising the benefits from cross pollination in macadamia orchards

2002 | Vithanage V, Meyers N, McConchie C | Research report/article

Final Report research Report MC098027

Effect of distance from pollinator row on nut quality

1997 | Gallagher E | Research report/article

Nut samples from 344 up to 11 rows from 246 were assessed for quality. Results show a decline in quality as distance from pollinator row increases.

Pollen parent effects on nut quality and yield in macadamia: final report

1997 | McConchie C | Research report/article

Final Report research Project MC302

Cross pollination of macadamia

1996 | Meyers N, McConchie C | Research report/article

Trial to assess compatibilities and cross pollination. Various combinations of male and female parents were analysed. Flowering times must also be considered.

Cross pollination and intervarietal compatibility in macadamia

1995 | Meyers N, McConchie C, Turnbull C, Vithanage V | Research report/article

Includes a discussion of the effects of cross pollination, varietal compatibilities - least compatible and most compatible, pollen movement and flowering seasons.

Limitations to fruit set in macadamia: final report

1993 | Turnbull C, Lloyd J, Trueman S | Research report/article

Final Report Research Project MA0012

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