2017 | Anon | Fact Sheet
Flowering is an incredibly important period of the crop cycle in macadamia production. Growers are faced with managing both beneficial insects and pest insects. Beneficial insects play a role in pollination and are a major asset for industry stakeholders (beekeepers). Flower pest insects, such as lace bug or flower caterpillar, can cause extreme yield losses (from 50-90% losses). These factors combine to create a challenging situation for macadamia growers to manage. The desired outcome is to limit the damage caused by pest insects while avoiding any losses of beneficial insects. The AMS has worked with the NSW Beekeepers Association to develop some practical guidelines for macadamia growers to utilise during flowering.
2017 | Howlett B, Read S, Cutting B, Pattemore D, Cross S, Goodwin M | Presentation
Pollination can affect yields and nut quality • Determine the key pollinating species and their efficiency. • Floral biology • Suggestions to improve macadamia pollination
2003 | Vithanage V, O'Connor K, Peace C, Meyers N, Forrester R, McConchie C | Research report/article
While confirming the earlier studies of the advantages of cross pollination, the recent study reveals that there are factors other than pollen compatibility alone that will determine an increased yield. Flowering patterns and the bee behaviour are currently under investigation as they may play a prominent role in ensuring effective pollen flow.
2002 | van Niekerk K | Research report/article
The mechanics of pollination and the role of honey bees and other insects in the pollination of macadamias.
2002 | Vithanage V, Meyers N, McConchie C | Research report/article
Final Report research Report MC098027
1997 | Gallagher E | Research report/article
Nut samples from 344 up to 11 rows from 246 were assessed for quality. Results show a decline in quality as distance from pollinator row increases.
1997 | McConchie C | Research report/article
Final Report research Project MC302
1996 | Meyers N, McConchie C | Research report/article
Trial to assess compatibilities and cross pollination. Various combinations of male and female parents were analysed. Flowering times must also be considered.
1995 | Meyers N, McConchie C, Turnbull C, Vithanage V | Research report/article
Includes a discussion of the effects of cross pollination, varietal compatibilities - least compatible and most compatible, pollen movement and flowering seasons.
1993 | Turnbull C, Lloyd J, Trueman S | Research report/article
Final Report Research Project MA0012
This website has been partly funded by Hort Innovation, using the macadamia research and development levy and contributions from the Australian Government.